Arrhythmias after tetralogy of fallot repair

Folino, Antonio Franco and Daliento, Luciano (2005) Arrhythmias after tetralogy of fallot repair. Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal, 5 (4). pp. 312-324. ISSN 0972-6292

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Abstract

Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease, with a good outcome after total surgical correction. In spite of a low perioperative mortality and a good quality of life, late sudden death remains a significant clinical problem, mainly related to episodes of sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation. Fibro-fatty substitution around infundibular resection, intraventricular septal scar, and patchy myocardial fibrosis, may provide anatomical substrates of abnormal depolarization and repolarization causing reentrant ventricular arrhythmias. Several non-invasive indices based on classical examination such as ECG, signal-averaging ECG, and echocardiography have been proposed to identify patients at high risk of sudden death, with hopeful results. In the last years other more sophisticated invasive and non-invasive tools, such as heart rate variability, electroanatomic mapping and cardiac magnetic resonance added a relevant contribution to risk stratification. Even if each method per se is affected by some limitations, a comprehensive multifactorial clinical and investigative examination can provide an accurate risk evaluation for every patient.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tetralogy of Fallot, Surgery; Ventricular arrhythmias; Risk stratification
Subjects:Diagnosis > Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures > Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular > Heart Function Tests > Electrocardiography
-Journal Repositories > Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Cardiovascular Diseases > Heart Diseases > Heart Failure, Congestive
Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms > Pathologic Processes > Arrhythmia
Cardiovascular Diseases > Heart Diseases
ID Code:1098
Deposited By:Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Deposited On:22 October 2005

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