Preliminary studies on Siddha anti-malarial drugs
Allimuthu, M. and Thomas M, Walter (2005) Preliminary studies on Siddha anti-malarial drugs.
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According to the Siddha system (Traditional Indian Medicine), there are 64 types of fever among which 52 types occur due to Intrinsic causes and 12 types occur due to Extrinsic factors. After a very careful review of ancient Siddha (Tamil) literatures, five drug preparations were selected and prepared as per the instructions cited. Some of these drugs are being given to various types of fever including Malaria by Siddha Doctors and Traditional healers. Malaria is referred to as Kulir Suram in Traditional (Siddha) Indian Medicine. It is known as Visha Suram in Ayurveda. In this study, Five Siddha drugs (consisting of Herbal and Herbo-mineral ingredients), exclusively selected and prepared as per the instructions found in ancient Tamil literatures for “Kulir Suram”, was subjected to anti-microbial, anti-pyretic and analgesic testing. The drugs are currently named as “V, W, X, Y and Z”. Of these, drug “V” (which is an herbal preparation) is made into an infusion and used as solvent. Preliminary studies on the selected Siddha Anti-malarial drugs revealed that “X” has potent Anti-microbial, Analgesic and Anti-pyretic properties, while “Y” and “Z” exhibit moderate properties. This is only a pilot study with the available infra-structure and further elaborate studies are needed to explore the efficacy of these medicines.
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