Control of fowl typhoid using tissue culture medium waste after harvest of Korean wild ginseng (Panax ginseng)

Shah, D. H.; Seol, J. W.; Park, S. Y.; Ryu, K. S.; Kwon, J. T.; Cho, M. R.; Park, J. H.; kang, H. S. and Chae, J. S. (2005) Control of fowl typhoid using tissue culture medium waste after harvest of Korean wild ginseng (Panax ginseng). Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 14. pp. 455-462.

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Abstract

Fowl typhoid (FT) caused by Salmonella Gallinarum (SG), is responsible for heavy economic losses through morbidity, mortality and reduced egg production to the poultry industry world wide. The use of alternative medications to control FT is important in light of emergence of multiple drug resistant strains of SG and the public’s desire to have “organically” grown poultry. We report the efficient utilization of tissue culture medium waste after harvest of Korean wild ginseng (TCM-KWG) (Panax ginseng) as an alternative medicine in the control of FT. In a series of experiments performed in this study, we found that oral administration of TCM-KWG through drinking water significantly reduced the mortality, organ invasiveness and fecal shedding of SG in day old chickens experimentally infected with virulent SG. The results were positively correlated with higher dose and longer duration of pretreatment with TCM-KWG in relation to reduction in mortality caused by FT. The results of this work indicate that the TCM-KWG may be used as a cost effective and environment friendly alternative medicine to control and minimize the losses due to FT in chickens.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fowl Typhoid, Tissue Culture Waste, Salmonella gallinarum, Korean Wild Ginseng, Panax Ginseng
Subjects:Animal Diseases > Salmonella Infections, Animal
Environment and Public Health > Public Health > Epidemiologic Measurements > Demography > Vital Statistics > Mortality
Investigative Techniques > Clinical Laboratory Techniques > Culture Techniques
Animal Diseases > Bird Diseases > Poultry Diseases
Environment and Public Health > Public Health > Epidemiologic Measurements > Demography > Vital Statistics > Morbidity
Plants > Plant Families and Groups > Angiosperms
Investigative Techniques > Epidemiologic Methods > Data Collection > Vital Statistics > Mortality
ID Code:1143
Deposited By:Dr. Devendra Shah
Deposited On:25 November 2005

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