Left ventricular pacing in patients with congestive heart failure
Etienne, Yves; Fatemi, Marjaneh and Blanc, Jean-Jacques (2006) Left ventricular pacing in patients with congestive heart failure. Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal, 6 (1). pp. 44-48. ISSN 0972-6292
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Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) using biventricular (BIV) pacing has proved its effectiveness to correct myocardial asynchrony and improve clinical status of patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF) and widened QRS. Despite a different effect on left ventricular electrical dispersion, left univentricular (LV) pacing is able to achieve the same mechanical synchronisation as BIV pacing in experimental studies and in humans. This results in clinical benefits of LV pacing at mid-term follow-up, with significant improvement in functional class, quality of life and exercise tolerance at the same extent as those observed with BIV stimulation in non randomised studies. Furthermore these benefits are obtained at lesser costs and with conventional dual-chamber devices. However, LV pacing has to be compared to BIV pacing in randomised trials before being definitely considered as a cost-effective alternative to BIV pacing.
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