Changing QRS morphology:what is the mechanism?
Haghjoo, Majid; Arya, Arash; Dehghani, Mohammad Reza and Sadr-Ameli, Mohammad Ali (2006) Changing QRS morphology:what is the mechanism? Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal, 6 (1). pp. 54-54. ISSN 0972-6292
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ECG in sinus rhythm with ventricular preexcitation and changing QRS morphology was seen that was initially interpreted as the multiple accessory pathway from elsewhere. The following mechanisms are potentially involved in the electrogenesis of changing QRS morphology in WPW syndrome: 1) multiple accessory pathways; 2) simultaneous occurrence of aberrant atrioventricular conduction with accessory pathway conduction 2; 3) ventricular fusion of preexcited sinus impulse with ectopic impulse. Electrophysiologic study showed short PR (75 ms) interval with wide QRS (152 ms) and negative HV (-12 ms) interval. No change in delta wave polarity was observed during HRA and CS pacing. In full preexcitation, no breakthrough was seen in the CS. During incremental ventricular pacing, atrial breakthrough site is initially recorded on the HRA catheter and then changed to distal pole of CS catheter with progressive decrease in pacing cycle length. During ventricular pacing at cycle length of 500 ms (S1), earliest atrial activity is recorded on HRA catheter. Changing QRS could not be explained by presence of multiple APs because only right-sided AP had bidirectional conduction and no distal CS breakthrough was seen simultaneous with changing QRS morphology. The possibility of aberrant conduction is excluded by presence of negative HV interval in the beats with differing QRS morphology. No sinus cycle length variation before and after the beats with different morphologies are against the occurrence of functional LBBB. The prematurity of ventricular electrogram in His recording catheter with variable HV (H-electrogram is recorded after V-electrogram in second beat and before V-electrogram in third beat) and fixed V-RB intervals (interval from ventricular electrogram in His to the RB potential) are compatible with ventricular fusion of preexcited sinus impulse with ectopic ventricular impulse originating from parahissian area (explaining LBBB and inferior axis morphology of the beats with changing QRS) but not from the His bundle or RBB itself (because H-electrogram and RB potential is recorded after V-electrogram in the second beat with greater degree of ventricular fusion)
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