Age and sex distribution of intestinal parasitic infection among HIV infected subjects in Abeokuta, Nigeria
Okodua, M; Adeyeba, OA; Tatfeng, YM and Okpala, HO (2004) Age and sex distribution of intestinal parasitic infection among HIV infected subjects in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 2 (4). ISSN 0972-5997
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Intestinal parasitic infection has been a major source of disease in tropical countries especially among HIV patients. The distribution of intestinal parasite among two hundred and fifteen (215) subjects with mean age of 32 years, comprising of 35 HIV-seropositive and 180 HIV seronegative patients was carried out using microscopic method to examine their stool specimens for presence of trophozoites, ova, cysts, larvae and oocysts of intestinal parasites. Overall parasitic infection rate was 28.4%. Infection rate among HIV seropositve subjects (42.9%) was statistically higher than that among HIV seronegative subjects (25.6%) (P<0.05). Although helminths infection rate (31.4%) was higher than that of protozoa (20%) among HIV-seropositive subject, the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the parasitic infection between HIV-seropositive males and females and among the various age groups (P>0.05). Adequate treatment, proper health education and good hygiene will help in reducing intestinal parasitic infection.
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