Comparative study of HIV associated pulmonary tuberculosis in chest clinics from two regions of Edo State, Nigeria

Nwobu, G.O.; Okodua, M.A. and Tatfeng, Y.M. (2004) Comparative study of HIV associated pulmonary tuberculosis in chest clinics from two regions of Edo State, Nigeria. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 3 (3). ISSN 0972-5997

Full text available as:

PDF - Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader or other PDF viewer.
150 Kb

Abstract

A comparative study of HIV associated pulmonary tuberculosis (HIV-PTB) was carried out in Chest Clinics situated in Benin and Irrua environs of Edo State, Nigeria, using microscopical and serological methods. In Irrua environs, HIV-PTB co-infection is higher in females (12.5%) than in males (9.2%) but not statistically significant (P > 0.05). In Benin, HIV-PTB is also higher in females (11.3%) than in males (7.2%) but not statistically significant (P > 0.05). In Benin, PTB is statistically high among <20 years and 21–30 years old subjects (50% and 28.7% respectively, P < 0.05), while HIV is statistically high among age group 31–40 years and 41.50 years (23.5% and 27.9% respectively, P < 0.05). HIV-PTB co-infection is also statistically high among drivers and traders (13.8% and 12.6% respectively, P < 0.05) in Benin. Generally, there is no significant difference in the prevalence of HIV, PTB and HIV-PTB infection rate in the two regions when sex and occupation of the subjects are considered (P > 0.05). However, subjects of > 60 years old have a significantly higher PTB disease in Benin than their counterpart in Irrua (28.6% and 0% respectively, P < 0.05).

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:HIV, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Edo State, Nigeria, HIV-PTB, Females
Subjects:Bacterial Infections and Mycoses > Bacterial Infections > Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections > Actinomycetales Infections > Mycobacterium Infections > Tuberculosis
-Journal Repositories > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Immunologic Diseases > Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes > HIV Infections
Geographic Locations > Africa > Africa South of the Sahara > Africa, Western > Nigeria
Respiratory Tract Diseases > Respiratory Tract Infections > Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
ID Code:1318
Deposited By:Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya
Deposited On:01 February 2006

Archive Staff Only: edit this record