First detection of intestinal microsporidia in Northern Nigeria

Omalu, I.C.J.; Yako, A.B.; Duhlinska, D.D.; Anyanwu, G.I.; Pam, V.A. and Inyama, P.U. (2005) First detection of intestinal microsporidia in Northern Nigeria. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 4 (3). ISSN 0972-5997

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Abstract

Microsporidia are intracellular spore-forming protozoa that are increasingly being recognized as pathogens in humans. Faecal samples were taken from 2250 HIV/AIDS and 1050 HIV-negative patients from Kano and Makurdi in Northern Nigeria, and were investigated for microsporidial infections by Giemsa staining technique (Light microscopy). In Kano, Enterocytozoon bienuesi was detected in 8 (14.17%) and Encephalitozoon intestinalis in 5 (2.60%) out of 192 HIV/AIDS patients screened. A mixed infection of both 0.52% was observed. Results from Makurdi showed that Enterocytozoon bienuesi was detected in 13 (0.65%) and Encephalitozoon intestinalis in 96 (4.78%) out of 2008 HIV/AIDS patients examined. No mixed infection was observed. Microsporidial spores were not found in 1050 HIV-negative patients screened from both areas. There was a significant difference (X2, p<0.05) in infection rates between the HIV/AIDS and HIV-negative patients. This study aimed at detecting the prevalence of intestinal microsporidia to provide baseline data on the status of this disease in Nigeria. Detection of Microsporidia in Immuno-compromised patients has not been described previously in this area.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Enterocytozoon bienuesi, Encephalitozoon intestinalis, Microsporidial infections
Subjects:-Journal Repositories > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Immunologic Diseases > Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes > HIV Infections
Diagnosis > Early Diagnosis
Parasitic Diseases > Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic
Fungi > Spores
Geographic Locations > Africa > Africa South of the Sahara > Africa, Western > Nigeria
Animals > Invertebrates
ID Code:1326
Deposited By:Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya
Deposited On:26 January 2006

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