Environmental and public health issues of animal food products delivery system in Imo State, Nigeria

Okoli, Chidi Grace; Okoli, Ifeanyi Charles; Okorondu, Ugochukwu Victor and Opara, Maxwell Nwachukwu (2006) Environmental and public health issues of animal food products delivery system in Imo State, Nigeria. Online Journal Of Health And Allied Sciences, 5 (2). ISSN 0972-5997

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Abstract

Information on livestock movement, animal food products processing facilities, meat inspection methods, official meat inspection records and distribution and marketing systems for processed products in Imo state, Nigeria needed for policy development interventions in the sector are not fully understood. The primary data generated with the aid of personal interviews, field observations and secondary data obtained from records accumulated by the department of veterinary services Imo state from 2001 to 2004 were used to investigate the environmental and public health issues of animal food products delivery system in state. Majority of trade animals supplied to the state originated from the northern states of the country and were brought in with trucks by road. Only two veterinary control posts served the whole state thus resulting in non-inspection and taxing of a large proportion of trade animals. Official record of trade animals supplied to the state from 2001 to 2004 ranged from 45000 – 144000 for cattle, 23000 – 96000 for goats and 11000 – 72000 for sheep per annum, with supplies increasing steadily across the years. Official slaughter points in the state were principally low-grade quality slaughter premises consisting of a thin concrete slab. Meat handling was very unhygienic with carcasses dressed beside refuse heaps of over 2 years standing. Carcasses were dragged on the ground and transported in taxi boots and open trucks. Meat inspection at these points was not thorough because of stiff resistance of butchers to carcass condemnation. Official meat inspection records for the state from 2001 to 2004 revealed that overall totals of 159,000 cattle, 101,000 goats and 67,000 sheep were slaughtered. This accounted for about 56, 57 and 57% shortfall of cattle, goat and sheep respectively supplied to the state and represents the volume of un-inspected animals during the study period. Fascioliasis and tuberculosis were the most common infections encountered in cattle and recorded percentage occurrences of 16.7 and 7.5 respectively, whereas mastitis was common in goats and sheep at percentage occurrences of 5.8 and 5.0 respectively. Overall prevalence rates of 4.4, 8.0, 3.2, 3.3 and 1.5% were recorded for tuberculosis, fascioliasis, streptotricosis, mastitis and worms respectively. Animal food products delivery in Imo state needs to be improved upon in order to safeguarded the health of consumers

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Animal food products, Public health, Nigeria, Livestock movement
Subjects:Environment and Public Health > Environment
-Journal Repositories > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Animals > Animal Population Groups
Food and Beverages > Food
Geographic Locations > Africa > Africa South of the Sahara > Africa, Western > Nigeria
Environment and Public Health > Public Health
ID Code:1835
Deposited By:Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya
Deposited On:25 September 2006

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