Syphilis serology in HIV-positive and HIV-negative Nigerians: the public health significance

Chigozie, Jesse Uneke; Ogbonnaya, Ogbu; Moses, Alo and Thaddeus, Ariom (2006) Syphilis serology in HIV-positive and HIV-negative Nigerians: the public health significance. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 5 (2). ISSN 0972-5997

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Abstract

Syphilis has acquired new potential for morbidity and mortality through association with increased risk for HIV infection. Case-control survey was conducted using Rapid Plasma Reagin test and confirmatory Immunochromatographic test among HIV-positive (cases) and HIV-negative (control) Nigerians. A total of 35(14.0%) of 250 HIV-positive and 5(2.0%) of 250 HIV-negative individuals studied were seropositive for syphilis, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The prevalence was higher among females than males of HIV-positive (15.0% versus 12.7%) and of the HIV-negative (2.1% versus 1.9%) individuals. Syphilis seroprevalence was highest among HIV-positive individuals aged 21-30 years (20.5%) and 41-50 years old HIV-negative individuals (4.5%). Sex education, promotion of safer sexual behaviour, prompt diagnosis of STDs and provision of effective, accessible treatment are recommended

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Syphilis, Treponema pallidum, HIV, Seroprevalence, Nigerians
Subjects:Bacterial Infections and Mycoses > Bacterial Infections > Spirochaetales Infections
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses > Bacterial Infections > Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial
-Journal Repositories > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Immunologic Diseases > Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes > HIV Infections
Virus Diseases > Sexually Transmitted Diseases > Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Geographic Locations > Africa > Africa South of the Sahara > Africa, Western > Nigeria
Environment and Public Health > Public Health
ID Code:1838
Deposited By:Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya
Deposited On:22 September 2006

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