Fitness: physiological basis to medical implication
Bhatt, Janardan (2004) Fitness: physiological basis to medical implication. Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences, 6 (6). pp. 122-126. ISSN ISSN 0972-4729
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In context to physiology, the health of a person is relied on various test and physiological parameters. If such test and parameters for various body system and organs are within normal range, (within physiological limit) person is considered fit or healthy one. In such situation, the single test is not adequate. Multiple & repeated tests are essential to justify the normal functioning of organs, systems & the body. This creates the physical health. As the WHO define the health as physical, mental, social (and! Spiritual) well-being of a person and not merely the absence of a disease, infirmities and old age. Truly the health is function of harmonious and integrated work cells, tissues, organs and systems. But question is such healthy person can climb 1000 feet hill or the 10 stairs of multistory building, can change the wheels/tires of the car in situation of emergency. This is fitness ability to respond to physical stress. This is the state beyond the health. This is the positive health and is an a step ahead of health i.e. applied health. Physical fitness is most essential in sports physiology and medicine. All the components of the fitness are essential in sports. Here in context to sports physiology, it is equally important to maintain the fitness. This may include the advice on cessation of tobacco smoking and drug abuse, regular exercise, dietary recommendation, etc.
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