Impact of tobacco smoking on coronary risk factor profile

Bhatt, Janardan (2003) Impact of tobacco smoking on coronary risk factor profile. Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences, 5 (5). pp. 105-108. ISSN ISSN 0972-4729

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Abstract

Abstract : (Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease is multifactorial disease. The tobacco smoking is the major risk factor of coronary artery disease (C.A.D.) The present study tried to determine the prevalence of all the known risk factors of C.A.D. among the tobacco smoker and compared them with non smokers. Study was designed in such a way that sixty randomized tobacco smokers who attended the “STOP SMOKING CAMPAIGN AND C.A.D. RISK PREDICTION PROGRAM” in various parts of Ahmedabad were screened from C.A.D. risk point of view. The findings were compared with age, sex, matched sixty non-smokers. The result concluded that the prevalence of all the risk factors of C.A.D. i.e Type-A personality, family history, Altered GTT (Glucose tolerance Test), Hypertriglycerideamia, Hypercholesterolaemia, low level of HDL-C, Low C/HDL-C ratio more than 5, emotional stress etc. were statistically significantly high among tobacco smokers compared to non smokers. So among the tobacco smokers the overall risk of CAD increase manifold. The study strongly emphasized that majority of risk factors are modified by nearly the simple physiological manover i.e. stopping or reduce the tobacco smoking, dietary modification, physical exercise and health education).

EPrint Type:Article
Additional Information:The article and the study give excellant insight of prevalance of rist factors of coronary artery disease among tobacco smokers. The article give brief review of cause effect relationship between Tobacco smoke and atherosclerosis process.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tobacco smoking, Atherosclerosis, Coronary Risk Factors
Subjects:Physiological Processes > Homeostasis
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms > Behavior
Cardiovascular Diseases > Heart Diseases > Myocardial Ischemia > Coronary Disease > Angina Pectoris
Cardiovascular Diseases > Heart Diseases > Myocardial Ischemia > Coronary Disease
-Journal Repositories > Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences
Cardiovascular Diseases > Vascular Diseases > Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Plants > Plant Families and Groups > Angiosperms > Solanaceae
ID Code:1985
Deposited By:Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical scieces Ahmedabad
Deposited On:01 February 2007

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