Chemotherapy of tuberculous meningitis with isoniazid plus rifampicin-interim findings in a trial in children

Ramachandran, Padma (1980) Chemotherapy of tuberculous meningitis with isoniazid plus rifampicin-interim findings in a trial in children. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 27 (2). pp. 54-57.

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Abstract

Seventy six cases of tuberculous meningitis admitted 10 the Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children. Madras were treated with a regimen of rifampicin, isoniazid and streptomycin daily for two months, followed by streptomycin twice a week plus ethambutol and isoniazid daily for 4 months. Treatment with isoniazid and ethambutol daily was continued for a further period of 6 months. In the earlier part of the study, isoniazid was prescribed in a dosage of 20 my/kg, noted that about half of the children on isoniazid 20 mg/kg developed clinical jaundice with elevated levels of serum bilirubin and SGOT and SGPT levels. It was considered likely that the high dosage of isoniazid might have contributed to the high incidence of jaundice and hence the dosage of the was reduced to 12 mg/kg. With the reduced dosage of isoniazid, the incidence of jaundice was much lower, namely 20%. 54 patients have so far completed the treatment period of 1 year. 13 of these diet after admission to the study. The clinical and laboratory findings arc presented.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tuberculous Meningitis, Rifampicin, Isoniazid, Streptomycin, Ethambutol, Serum Bilrubin, SGOT Levels, SGPT Levels, Child, Interim Trial, Chemotherapy
Subjects:Bacterial Infections and Mycoses > Bacterial Infections > Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections > Actinomycetales Infections > Mycobacterium Infections > Tuberculosis
Therapeutics > Drug Therapy
Organic Chemicals > Hydrazines > Isoniazid
Nervous System Diseases > Central Nervous System Diseases > Meningitis
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses > Central Nervous System Infections > Central Nervous System Bacterial Infections
Heterocyclic Compounds > Heterocyclic Compounds with 4 or More Rings > Rifamycins
Pharmaceutical Preparations > Drug Combinations
Growth Substances, Pigments, and Vitamins > Pigments > Bile Pigments
Investigative Techniques > Drug Administration Schedule
Persons > Age Groups > Child
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses > Bacterial Infections > Central Nervous System Bacterial Infections
Organic Chemicals > Amines > Polyamines
Enzymes and Coenzymes > Enzymes > Transferases
Carbohydrates and Hypoglycemic Agents > Carbohydrates > Glycosides > Aminoglycosides > Streptomycin
-Journal Repositories > Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
ID Code:2125
Deposited By:Mrs Naina Pandita
Deposited On:15 May 2007

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