Differing correlates for suicide attempts among patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder in India and USA

Bhatia, Triptish; Thomas, Pramod; Semwal, Prachi; Thelma, B.K.; Nimgaonkar, V.L. and Deshpande, Smita N. (2006) Differing correlates for suicide attempts among patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder in India and USA. Schizophrenia Research, 86. pp. 208-214.

Full text available as:

PDF - Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader or other PDF viewer.
125 Kb

Abstract

Background: Suicide is one of the most common causes of death among persons with schizophrenia. Differing risk factors have been identified in published studies. The differences may have arisen because a uniform set of variables was not analyzed. Alternatively, the nature and effect of risk factors may vary in different settings. To test these possibilities, we investigated the same set of variables in two independent cross-national samples ascertained using identical protocols. Methods: Patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (DSM IV criteria) were recruited in India (n=460) and the USA (n=424). Results: Consistent with earlier publications, a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder, history of depression, pattern of symptoms and educational status were significantly associated with suicide attempts in the US sample. None of these variables were significantly associated in the Indian sample. Conclusions: The impact of known risk factors for suicide attempts among patients with schizophrenia differs across ethnic groups.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective disorder, Suicide, Depression, India, USA, Risk Factors
Subjects:Mental Disorders > Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms > Behavior > Behavioral Symptoms > Depression
Geographic Locations > Asia > Asia, Western > India
Geographic Locations > Americas > North America > United States
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms > Behavior > Behavioral Symptoms
Social Sciences > Sociology
Persons > Patients
Psychological Phenomena and Processes > Mental Health
Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation > Quality of Health Care > Health Care Evaluation Mechanisms > Statistics > Probability > Risk > Risk Factors
ID Code:2140
Deposited By:Dr Triptish Bhatia
Deposited On:14 May 2007

Archive Staff Only: edit this record