Minimally invasive mapping guided surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation: utopia or near future?

van Brakel, Thomas J.; Bolotin, Gil; Allessie, M.A. and Maessen, Jos G (2006) Minimally invasive mapping guided surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation: utopia or near future? Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal, 6 (4). pp. 234-241. ISSN 0972-6292

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Isolation of the pulmonary veins has been used as surgical treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF) from the early 90s, as it was incorporated in the Maze procedure. With the evidence that triggers form this area can induce AF, the Maze III procedure has been adapted and modified towards a single lesion around the pulmonary veins for the treatment of paroxysmal and chronic AF in some centers. New ablation techniques with a diversity of energy sources further paved the way for less invasive procedures. Minimal invasive techniques to prevent major surgery may potentially make the treatment available for a patient population that do not have to undergo cardiac surgery for other reasons. Besides these technical developments, high density mapping can be used to identify the AF substrate in the individual patient and optimization of the treatment by local substrate guided ablation. This review aims to summarize the robotic and thoracoscopic techniques to isolate the pulmonary veins. Furthermore, it is discussed why pulmonary veins isolation may be effective in patients with chronic AF, and whether there is a role for mapping guided minimal invasive surgical treatment of AF in the near future.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Atrial Fibrillation, Minimal Invasive Surgery, Robot, Pulmonary Veins, Mapping
Subjects:Cardiovascular Diseases > Heart Diseases > Arrhythmia > Atrial Fibrillation
Cardiovascular System > Blood Vessels
Health Occupations > Medicine > Specialties, Surgical > Surgery
Surgical Procedures, Operative > Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive
-Journal Repositories > Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
ID Code:2299
Deposited By:Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Deposited On:31 August 2007

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