Helicobacter pylori in uinvestigated dyspepsia in primary cares in Abakaliki, Nigeria

Ugwuja, Emmanuel Ike and Ugwu, Nicholas Chukwuka (2007) Helicobacter pylori in uinvestigated dyspepsia in primary cares in Abakaliki, Nigeria. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 6 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0972-5997

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Abstract

There is paucity of information on the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Nigeria. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the prevalence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies to H. pylori in 262 consecutive patients (aged 5.5-56 years) presenting with dyspepsia in primary health cares in Abakaliki, Nigeria. Sixty-nine (26.3%) of the patients had IgG antibodies to H. pylori. Significantly higher prevalence of H. pylori was recorded in older patients than in those ≤ 20 years [29% vs11% (95%CI: 0.072-0.288%)]. Infection was comparable between males and females [28% vs 25%, (95% CI: - 0.078 – 0.138)] but inversely related to the socio-economic status of patients [30.5% vs 14%. (95% CI: 0.054-0.28) and 30.3% vs 8.3% (95% CI: 0.053-0.391) between lower and middle and between lower and upper class respectively]. The high endemicity of H. pylori infection in this study needs confirmation in different settings and/or in the general population.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:H. pylori, infection, Prevalence, Dyspepsia, Ulcer
Subjects:Bacteria > Proteobacteria
Investigative Techniques > Epidemiologic Methods > Data Collection > Vital Statistics > Morbidity > Prevalence
-Journal Repositories > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms > Signs and Symptoms > Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Bacteria > Gram-Negative Bacteria
Geographic Locations > Africa > Africa South of the Sahara > Africa, Western > Nigeria
ID Code:2324
Deposited By:Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya
Deposited On:21 September 2007

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