Incidence of congenital heart disease by fetal echocardiography in an urban hospital of Delhi
Lahiri, S.; Dall, A.; Sachdeva, S.; Sharma, V.; Dhawan, S.; Shrivastava, S.; Khanna, P.K.; Sawhney, J.P.S.; Mantri, R.R.; Mehta, A.; Chopra, V.K.; Passey, R. and Mohan, R. (2002) Incidence of congenital heart disease by fetal echocardiography in an urban hospital of Delhi. Indian Heart Journal, 54. 1359.
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We analyzed 3393 pregnant women over a period of two years in our hospital situated in Delhi. Their ages varied from 19 to 35 years with a mean age of 24.3±4.2 years. The gestation period varied from 24 weeks to term with a mean of 28.4+3.1 weeks. Fetal echocardiography was done in all these patients with a 5.0 MHz probe and uterine and umbilical flows analyzed. The fetal heart was viewed in 4-chamber and short-axis views and analyzed for any congenital heart disease. VSD was seen in 9 patients out of 3393 (0.27%), out of which 7 were muscular VSDs (77.77%) and 2 were perimembranous VSDs (22.23%). One patient had Ebstein's anomaly (0.029%) and one had hypoplastic left heart syndrome (0.029%). Echo dense masses in the RV and LV cavity were found in two patients (0.058%).
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