Prescription auditing and antibiotic resistance pattern at SGRH New Delhi.

Wattal, C; Joshi, S.; Sharma, A.; Prasad, J.K. and Oberoi, J.K. (2002) Prescription auditing and antibiotic resistance pattern at SGRH New Delhi. In: XXVI National Congress of the IAMM at NIMHANS, 20-22 Nov 2002, Bangalore, India.

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Abstract

Aim: To analyse the correlation of prescribing habits and development of antibiotic resistance over 7 years. Methods: Prescription auditing of the antibiotics consumed from our hospital pharmacy and resistance of E. coli and S. aureus to various antibiotics was analysed from Jan 1995 to Dec 2001. Results: Resistance to b lactams has been high (80-90%) in E coli; whereas in S.aureus the resistance has gone up from 60% to 98%. Oxacillin resistance has increased from 20% to 50%, while Clindamycin resistance has remained between 20-25%. The use of Coamoxyclav has increased since '98, after which an increase in resistance of E coli and S aureus to the same has been noted. Resistance to Gentamicin in E coli is presently 70% as compared to 30% in '95, while S.aureus resistance has increased from 22% to 50%. Amikacin is the most widely prescribed aminoglycoside. Prescription auditing has helped formulation of antibiotic policy.

EPrint Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:S. aureus, E. coli, Antibiotics, Oxacillin, Clindamycin, Resistance, Gentamicin, Coamoxyclav, SGRH, New Delhi
Subjects:Heterocyclic Compounds > Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring > Thiazoles
Heterocyclic Compounds > Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring > Lactams
Bacteria > Proteobacteria
Bacteria > Gram-Positive Bacteria
Chemical Actions and Uses > Pharmacologic Actions > Therapeutic Uses > Anti-Infective Agents > Anti-Bacterial Agents
Chemical and Pharmacologic Phenomena > Drug Resistance
Carbohydrates and Hypoglycemic Agents > Carbohydrates > Glycosides
Carbohydrates and Hypoglycemic Agents > Carbohydrates > Glycosides > Aminoglycosides
-Institutional Repositories > Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi
Organic Chemicals > Amides > Lactams
Bacteria > Gram-Negative Bacteria
Heterocyclic Compounds > Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring > Pyrrolidines
ID Code:2419
Deposited By:Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
Deposited On:23 October 2007

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