Serological survey of Salmonella gallinarum antibody in chickens around Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

Okwori, A.E.J.; Hashimu, G.A.; Adetunji, J.A.; Okeke, I.O. and Junaid, S.A. (2007) Serological survey of Salmonella gallinarum antibody in chickens around Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 6 (2). ISSN 0972-5997

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Abstract

A serological survey of the prevalence of antibodies to Salmonella gallinarum among chickens under two different management systems around Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria was carried out using the standard plate agglutination test. The objective of this study was to determine serologically the prevalence of antibodies against Salmonella gallinarum among apparently healthy chickens around Jos. A total of 700 serum samples made up of 450 exotic and 250 local breed of chickens were used for this study with 37.9% seropositvity. In the free range system (19.3%) of the flocks sampled were seropositive for Salmonella gallinarium antibodies while in the semi intensive, 18.6% of the flock tested positive. The serum agglutination test (SAT) was adapted to the microtitre format used to determine somatic and flagella titres. The antigen used for this study was specific for S. gallinarum, hence differentiation between species infection was assessed in this study. Perhaps the most feasible way to eradicate the disease is to encourage farmers (both small and large scale) to break the disease cycle at their levels by embarking on prompt and regular vaccination programmes. It is thus concluded that Salmonella gallinarum (fowl typhoid) is present in the area investigated. Fowl typhoid may continue to have a negative effect on the economy of poultry production in Nigeria if not controlled. A statistical analysis was precluded due to inadequate data sets.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fowl typhoid, Antibodies, Chickens, Jos, Nigeria, Salmonella gallinarum, Chicken, Seropositivity, Prevalence
Subjects:Immunologic and Biological Factors > Immunologic Factors > Antibodies
Animal Diseases > Salmonella Infections, Animal
Diagnosis > Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures
Animal Diseases > Bird Diseases > Poultry Diseases
Investigative Techniques > Epidemiologic Methods > Data Collection > Vital Statistics > Morbidity > Prevalence
-Journal Repositories > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Animals > Chordata > Vertebrates > Birds > Poultry
Hemic and Immune Systems > Blood
Geographic Locations > Africa > Africa South of the Sahara > Africa, Western > Nigeria
Diagnosis > Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
ID Code:2480
Deposited By:Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya
Deposited On:27 November 2007

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