Early risk stratification for arrhythmic death in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction
Haghjoo, Majid; Kiani, Reza; Fazelifar, Amir Farjam and Alizadeh, Abolfath (2007) Early risk stratification for arrhythmic death in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal, 7 (1). pp. 19-25. ISSN 0972-6292
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Background: Sudden cardiac death is a leading cause of death in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI). According to high cost of modern therapeutic modalities it is of paramount importance to define protocols for risk stratification of post-MI patients before considering expensive devices such as implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Methods: One hundred and thirty seven patients with acute ST-elevation MI were selected and underwent echocardiographic study, holter monitoring and signal-averaged electrocardiography (SAECG). Then, the patients were followed for 12 ±3 months. Results: During follow-up, 13 deaths (9.5%) occurred; nine cases happened as sudden cardiac death (6.6%). The effect of ejection fraction (EF) less than 40% on occurrence of arrhythmic events was significant (P<0.001). Sensitivity and positive predictive value of EF<40% was 100% and 76.95% respectively. Although with lesser sensitivity and predictive power than EF<40%, abnormal heart rate variability (HRV) and SAECG had also significant effects on occurrence of sudden death (P=0.02 and P=0.003 respectively). Nonsustained ventricular tachycardia was not significantly related to risk of sudden death in this study (P=0.20). Conclusions: This study indicated that EF less than 40% is the most powerful predictor of sudden cardiac death in post MI patients. Abnormal HRV and SAECG are also important predictors and can be added to EF for better risk stratification.
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