Hopelessness and factors affecting hopelessness in high school students

Ozmen, D. (2008) Hopelessness and factors affecting hopelessness in high school students. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 9 (1). pp. 8-15.

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Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of hopelessness and to examine the effects of socio-demographic features, depression, self-esteem on hopelessness in a high school population. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1185 ninth-grade Turkish adolescents aged between 14 and 19. Hopelessness, sef esteem and depression levels were measured with Beck Hopelessness Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Children's Depression Inventory respectively. Student’s t-test and analysis of variance were used to examine relationships among the variables. Results: Being male, lower income, lower education levels in parents, perception of family status as low, depression, lower self esteem, perception of quality of life as low were positively correlated with the mean score of Beck Hopelessness Scale. On the other hand only 16.6% of the students responded as ‘yes’ to item ‘my future seems dark to me’ and 12.8% of the students responded as ‘no’ to item ‘I look forward to the future with hope and enthusiasm.’ Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that school-based adolescents in urban part of Turkey have hope for the future. But the prevalence of hopelessness was not rare in school-based adolescents and it was more common in the children of families with low socio-economical level. Hopelessness may be one of the important indicators of low subjective well-being that should be recognized by the health care personnel.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Depression, Hopelessness, Socio-demographic Features, Self-Esteem, School Students, Adolescent, Hopelessness Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Level, Turkey
Subjects:Environment and Public Health > Public Health > Epidemiologic Measurements > Demography
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms > Behavior > Behavioral Symptoms > Depression
Geographic Locations > Asia > Asia, Western > Middle East > Turkey
Population Characteristics > Demography
-Journal Repositories > Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry
Education > Schools
Geographic Locations > Historical Geographic Locations > Middle East > Turkey
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms > Personality
Population Characteristics > Socioeconomic Factors
Social Sciences > Demography
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms > Attitude
Mental Disorders > Personality Disorders
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities > Personality Assessment
Persons > Age Groups > Adolescent
ID Code:2753
Deposited By:Dr. Lut Tamam
Deposited On:20 March 2008

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