Quality of life in active and inactive cases with tuberculosis and its relationship to the levels of state-trait anxiety
Unalan, D. (2008) Quality of life in active and inactive cases with tuberculosis and its relationship to the levels of state-trait anxiety. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 9 (1). pp. 22-30.
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Objective: Tuberculosis affects all the predicted fields of quality of life like general health perception, bodily sense, psychological health, mental wellbeing and functionality of physical and social roles. The aim of this study is to evaluate quality of life (QOL) in outpatients with active and inactive tuberculosis and to search relations between QOL and state-trait anxiety level. Methods: A hundred ninety six active, 108 inactive cases applying to dispensary for tuberculosis within a year and 196 healthy control group formed the extent of the study. In this study, questionnaire forms, SF-36 QOL scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used. Results: It was determined that in all fields of QOL, scores of control group were higher than patient groups’. This height is significant in all dimensions of SF-36 health status except for pain (p<0.05). QOL scores in physical and social functionality dimensions of inactive cases were higher than active cases (p<0.001). It was determined that average scores for males were higher than those for females in active cases and in all dimensions of SF-36 health status in the individuals forming the control group and in all dimensions of inactive cases except for social functionality. A significant difference was not found between the patients and the control groups from the scores of state-trait anxiety. The score of state-trait anxiety were found to be high in active female cases who are divorced or widows, in active female cases and inactive cases who live in rural areas. It was determined that there was a significant positive relationship between the score of state-trait anxiety and all dimensions of quality of life except for its limitations of emotional roles, but in inactive cases, between general health perception, vitality/ energy, limitations of emotional role and the field of mental health. Conclusions: As in active cases, it was determined that quality of life of inactive cases was harmed, and in active cases there was a positive significant relationship between state-trait anxiety and all dimensions of quality of life except for limitations of emotional role, but in inactive cases between general health perception, vitality/energy, limitations of emotional role and the dimensions of mental health.
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