Active case finding in tuberculosis as a component of primary health care
Aneja, K.S.; Chandrasekhar, P.; Seetha, M.A.; Shunmuganandan, V.C. and Rupert Samuel, G.E. (1984) Active case finding in tuberculosis as a component of primary health care. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 31 (2). pp. 65-73.
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Feasibility of introducing limited active case-finding in Tuberculosis involving Multi-purpose Health Workers (HWs) to supplement the existing methodology of detecting the cases through symptomatics attending PHIs on their own, was studied earlier with encouraging results. The present study was undertaken to understand the existing working system of HWs and within that the priority areas of input which may lead to better case yield. The study revealed that the available population at any Beat Schedule of HWs was about 42 % of the eligible population of the age 20 years and above; only 60-75 % of the field days were utilized for routine multi-purpose duties; 25 % to 40 % of the area remained uncovered; the effective Tuberculosis work was done only on 5 % of the Beat Schedule days and the work was not uniformly spread throughout the month. Even so, the contribution by HWs was twice the number of cases diagnosed at study PHCs in one year. Had the HWs covered the entire area of their Beat Schedule, 80 against 26 cases would have been diagnosed. Moreover, there is possibility of detecting more cases among the elderly patients who normally do not attend their Area Health Centres. However, the success depends upon meticulous supervision and regular flow of supplies.
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