Demographic features, beliefs and socio–psychological impact of acne vulgaris among its sufferers in two towns in Nigeria

Ikaraoha, Chidiebere Ikechukwu; Taylor, GOL; Anetor, JI; Igwe, Chidi Uzoma; Ukaegbu, QO; Nwobu, GO and Mokogwu, ATH (2005) Demographic features, beliefs and socio–psychological impact of acne vulgaris among its sufferers in two towns in Nigeria. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 4 (1). ISSN 0972-5997

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Abstract

There is paucity of reports in the demographic knowledge, belief and socio-psychological impact of acne vulgaris sufferers towards the disorder in a black population. This is the first study from Nigeria designed to address this issue. A total of 174 facial acne sufferers completed a self-administered questionnaire, which contained several items mentioning different areas in their belief, knowledge, perception, severity, socio-psychological impact and medication attention. The findings were discussed and compared to those of the Caucasians. The occurrence of the disorder was higher in females (65.0%) compared to the males (35.0%). About 54.0% of the female subjects indicated increase in severity of the disorder during their pre-menstrual period. Also 64.9% of acne sufferers indicated increase in severity during the rainy season, while 93.1% of the population implicated stress to perpetuate the severity of the disorder. Most (75.7%) of the acne sufferers believed that it is caused by oily diet, 40.8% thought that it is hereditary, while barely 5.2% had at sometime sought doctor's attention. Non- prescription products used by acne sufferers were cleansers and cream/lotions. Psychological abnormalities experienced by the sufferers included social inhibition, depression and anxiety. Pain and discomfort are the psychosomatic symptoms. No major differences were found in the beliefs, misconception and socio-psychological impact of acne sufferers in a black population (Nigeria) compared to the Caucasians. There is need to improve the understanding of the disorder in Nigeria through health education programmes

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Acne vulgaris, Beliefs, Nigeria, Perceptions, Severity
Subjects:Behavioral Disciplines and Activities > Behavioral Sciences > Psychology
Environment and Public Health > Public Health > Epidemiologic Measurements > Demography
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities > Behavioral Sciences > Behavioral Research
-Journal Repositories > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases > Skin Diseases > Acneiform Eruptions > Acne Vulgaris
Geographic Locations > Africa > Africa South of the Sahara > Africa, Western > Nigeria
Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases > Skin Diseases > Skin Manifestations
ID Code:288
Deposited By:Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya
Deposited On:18 July 2005

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