Prevalence of depression and its relationship with sociodemographic characteristics among women in a rural town of western Turkey
Ünsal, A. (2008) Prevalence of depression and its relationship with sociodemographic characteristics among women in a rural town of western Turkey. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry (Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi), 9 (3). pp. 148-155.
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Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of depression and evaluate some risk factors associated with depression in a rural town. Methods: In this survey conducted between July 1st and August 30th 2007, a questionnaire including the information related some sociodemographic characteristics and some risk factors assumed as related with depression was completed using a face to face interview method. The Beck Depression Scale was used as the screening test. Data were evaluated by deceptive statistics, logistic regression analysis, chi-square and student tests. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 56.03 years. The prevalence of depression in this sample was 16.6% (115/691). The bivariate analysis revealed that, in those with an advanced age, any chronic illness, an event history affecting the life in a negative way, a handicapped child, menopause, obesity, and not having a social health insurance, the depression prevalence were significantly higher In multivariate analysis, not having a social health insurance (OR: 2.52), an event history affecting the life in a negative way (OR: 2.99), a handicapped child (OR: 3.37) and an age group of 30-39 as menopause age (OR: 2.75) were all deemed significant as risk factors for depression. Discussion: Depression is an important health problem for women dwelling in this region. We concluded that women should be evaluated as an important at-risk group for depression, and prevention and control programs that also include components for reducing stigma should be implemented.
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