Quality of life, depression and anxiety among patients who have undergone permanent or temporary ostomy
Yasan, A. (2008) Quality of life, depression and anxiety among patients who have undergone permanent or temporary ostomy. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry (Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi), 9 (3). pp. 162-168.
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Objective: The aim of this study is to compare quality of life, depression and anxiety after ostomy among patients who have undergone permanent or temporary ostomy. Methods: Twenty two patients who were undergone permanent and thirty one patients who were undergone temporary ostomy were included in the study. Sociodemographic and ostomy information form, quality of life scale which had 20 questions and developed for patients with ostomy, the section of SCID-I which was deal with depression and anxiety, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were applied to those patients. The results determined in the two groups, permanent and temporary ostomy were compared. Results: Depression and anxiety diagnosing rates were 35.85%, and 56.60% among all our patients respectively. Permanent and temporary ostomy groups were compared and a difference was obtained in the answers of these groups to four questions, which was about encountered problem, or anxiety, of quality of life test. On the other hand, any difference was not found in the rates of depression and anxiety. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and trait anxiety average score were not found between the two groups. But state anxiety average score of temporary ostomy group was obtained higher than permanent ostomy group. Discussion: The presence of ostomy -temporary or permanent- clearly affects the quality of life of patients physically, sociological, and psychologically without regarding temporary or permanent. Also it commonly leading to psychiatric disorders of depression and anxiety. Patients should be routinely screened for these disorders in order to provide early intervention and treatment
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