Depressive symptoms, personal health behaviors and smoking among university students

Yazici, H. (2008) Depressive symptoms, personal health behaviors and smoking among university students. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry (Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi), 9 (4). pp. 224-231. ISSN 1302-6631

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Abstract

Objective: Smoking is addictive and harmful, causing health problems and death; therefore, there is a need to understand which factors contribute to smoking. The prevalence rates of smoking are currently the highest among university students. The main objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the association between smoking status with depressive symptoms and personal health behaviors. Method: A sample of 362 students (smokers=176, nonsmokers=186) answered a self-questionnaire including sociodemographic variables, and items regarding smoking. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Beck Depression Inventory and 7 personal health behaviors (alcohol consumption, daily consumption of breakfast, appropriate daily duration of sleep, appropriate daily duration of work, regular physical activity, appropriate levels of stress, balanced diet) were also assessed. Results: The results indicate that higher depressive symptoms (OR=1.05, 95% CI=1.01-1.09), alcohol consumption (OR=3.00, 95% CI=1.57-5.78), inappropriate stress management (OR=1.77, 95% CI=1.02-3.05),gender (OR=3.81, 95% CI=2.21-6.60), and grade level were factors significantly associated with student’s current smoking. Conclusion: As has been previously established, depressive symptoms, alcohol consumption, and inappropriate stress management had a direct and significant effect on current smoking. These findings elucidate risk factors in our country for four important health concerns for youths: smoking, depressive symptoms, alcohol consumption, and stress.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Smoking, Depressive Symptoms, Personal Health Behaviors, Death, University Students, Adolescents, Alcohol Consumption, Stress, Sociodemography
Subjects:Environment and Public Health > Public Health > Epidemiologic Measurements > Demography
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms > Behavior > Behavioral Symptoms > Depression
Population Characteristics > Demography
-Journal Repositories > Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry
Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms > Pathologic Processes > Death
Disorders of Environmental Origin > Substance-Related Disorders > Alcohol-Related Disorders
Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms > Pathologic Processes > Stress
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms > Behavior > Behavioral Symptoms
Social Sciences > Demography
Social Sciences > Sociology
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms > Behavior
ID Code:3158
Deposited By:Dr. Lut Tamam
Deposited On:18 November 2008

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