Threats and re-emergence of chickungunya fever in Indian sub-continent
Mahajan, S.; Chhabra, Daljeet and Rashid, S.M. (2009) Threats and re-emergence of chickungunya fever in Indian sub-continent. Veterinary World, 2 (1). pp. 40-42. ISSN 0972-8988
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Zoonosis are among the most frequent and dreaded risk to which man kind is exposed today, human health is inextricably linked to animal health and production. Over the past 6 years, a number of zoonotic and vector borne viral diseases were recorded in South-east Asia and the Western Pacific and there was sudden upsurge in the number of emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases in Indian Sub-continent and Chikungunya fever is one of them. The precise reasons for the re-emergence of Chikungunya in the Indian subcontinent as well as the other small countries in the southern Indian Ocean are an enigma. Although, it is well recognized that re-emergence of viral infections are due to a variety of social, environmental, behavioural and biological changes, which of these contributed to the re-emergence of Chikungunya virus would be interesting to unravel. Chikungunya is generally spread through bites of infected mosquitoes, mosquitoes become infected when they feed on a animal infected with CHIK virus. Monkey and possibly other wild animals may serve as reservoirs of infection.
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