The evaluation of anxiety, parental attitude and coping strategy in parents of children with mental retardation
Keskin, G. (2010) The evaluation of anxiety, parental attitude and coping strategy in parents of children with mental retardation. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry (Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi), 11 (1). pp. 30-37.
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Objective: Existing research studies suggest that parenting a child with mental retardations can be a stressful experience. However, there are few data addressing the question of how parents might experience considerable anxiety, how they might cope with this anxiety, and how this anxiety in parents of children with a mental retardation affect parental attitude. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among parental attitude and their anxiety and coping strategy in parents of children with mental disabilities. Materials and Methods: The sample was consisted of 96 parents who had mental retarded children, admitted to the neurology outpatient clinic of Dr. Behçet Uz Children’s Hospital. Three instruments were used to explore the presence of probable coping strategy, parental attitude and anxiety of the parent: The Parental Attitude Research Instrument (PARI), The Coping Strategy Indicator (CSI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI, SAI and TAI) were administered in an interview format. All the parents were informed about the study and were gave written informed consent. Results: Parents’ mean age was 33.90±10.1 in research group. Parents took an average 43.7±5.9 points in SAI, 43.1±15 point in TAI. The highest average point was problem solving subscale of CSI and the highest average point was overeager mother subscale of the PARI. Positive correlation (p=0.000, r=-0.52 and p=0.000, r=-0.41) between state and trait anxiety and overeager mother, and a negative correlation between state and trait anxiety and rejection of the homemaking role (p=0.000, r=0.59 and p=0.041, r=0.31), marital conflict (p=0.000, r=0.66 and p=0.005, r=0.39) were detected that we evaluate parents anxiety effect on parental attitude. It has been found that state and trait anxiety is negative correlated with problem solving (p=0.000, r=-0.38 and p=0.000, r=-0.44) and trait anxiety and is negative correlated with seeking social support (p=0.000, r=-0.27). Conclusion: At the end of the study, it was found to be high trait anxiety on parents who have a retarded child. Generally parents use problem solving for coping strategy with stress. Overeager mother attitude was dominant attitude among parents.
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