Application of qualitative methods in health research: an overview
Dongre, A.R.; Deshmukh, P.R.; Kalaiselvan, G. and Upadhyaya, S. (2010) Application of qualitative methods in health research: an overview. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 8 (4). ISSN 0972-5997
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Qualitative research is type of formative research that includes specialized techniques for obtaining in-depth responses about what people think and how they feel. It is seen as the research that seeks answer to the questions in the real world. Qualitative researchers gather what they see, hear, read from people and places, from events and activities, with the purpose to learn about the community and to generate new understanding that can be used by the social world. Qualitative research have often been conducted to answer the question “why” rather than “what”. A purpose of qualitative research is the construction of new understanding. Here, we present an overview of application of qualitative methods in health research. We have discussed here the different types of qualitative methods and how we and others have used them in different settings/scenarios; sample size and sampling techniques; analysis of qualitative data; validity in qualitative research; and ethical issues.
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