Impact of educational intervention measures on knowledge regarding HIV/ occupational exposure and post exposure prophylaxis among final year nursing students of a tertiary care hospital in central India
Dixit, S.; Khatri, A.K.; Taneja, G.; Saroshe, S.; Baghel, S.S.; Jaiswal, S.; Soni, S. and Sengar, S.S. (2010) Impact of educational intervention measures on knowledge regarding HIV/ occupational exposure and post exposure prophylaxis among final year nursing students of a tertiary care hospital in central India. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 8 (4). ISSN 0972-5997
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Amongst the different Health Care Personnel nurses are at a greater risk of being accidentally exposed to HIV and other Blood Borne Pathogens. The present study was conducted among 50 final year nursing students of a Medical College Hospital to assess the knowledge regarding HIV, occupational exposure and Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) among the students and analyses the impact of educational intervention measures on the issues amongst the study subjects. A Pre-designed and Pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire was used to evaluate the level of knowledge before and after educational intervention sessions. Knowledge regarding risk of transmission of HIV by needle-stick injury and body fluids against which universal precautions were mandatory increased by 72% following the intervention sessions (χ2 = 53.202, p <0.001). 72% and 36% respondents correctly knew the duration within which to start PEP and the drugs available for PEP, post educational sessions 98% and 96% students were aware of it: the difference being statistically significant (χ2 = 11.294, p <0.001) and (χ2 = 37.748, p <0.001) respectively. The mean pre-intervention score was 8.32; mean post-intervention score was 14.40: statistical analysis showed the results to be significant (t= 13.857, p< 0.001). The study reflects that there is a dearth of knowledge among the study group. Incorporating the concerned issues in the academic curriculum to provide the students with adequate knowledge and information during their formative years is needed.
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