Pattern of antimicrobial agents use in hospital deliveries: a prospective comparative study

Adiga, M.N.S.; Alwar, M.C.; Pai, M.R.S.M. and Adiga, U.S. (2010) Pattern of antimicrobial agents use in hospital deliveries: a prospective comparative study. Online Journal of Health andAllied Sciences, 8 (4). ISSN 0972-5997

Full text available as:

PDF - Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader or other PDF viewer.
144 Kb

Abstract

Objective: Drug utilization pattern identifies the problems that arise from the drug usage in health care delivery system and highlights the current approaches to the rational use of drugs. The present study evaluates the utilization pattern of antimicrobial agents in hospital deliveries of different setups. Methodology: Two hundred hospital deliveries from a government hospital GroupI (G-I) and 100 cases each from two private hospitals Group II & Group III (G II & G III) were studied. Groups, drugs, numbers of antimicrobials used, duration with indication for their use were the criteria taken into consideration for comparison. Results: Beta-lactams, nitroimidazoles and fluoroquinolones were commonly prescribed groups of antimicrobials. The duration of prophylaxis was 6.73±1.79, 5.77±1.10 &5.14±1.53 days in three groups respectively which was significantly different (p<0.01). Caesarian section, episiotomy were the commonest prophylactic indications. Conclusion: The present study calls for an urgent review on rational use of antimicrobial for prophylaxis.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Antimicrobial agents, Infection, Prophylaxis, Hospital deliveries
Subjects:-Journal Repositories > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Reproductive and Urinary Physiology > Reproduction > Pregnancy > Pregnancy Outcome
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses > Bacterial Infections
ID Code:3543
Deposited By:Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya
Deposited On:14 September 2010

Archive Staff Only: edit this record