The prevalence of psychoactive drug use among high school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Cakici, M. (2010) The prevalence of psychoactive drug use among high school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry (Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi), 11 (3). pp. 206-212.
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Objective: Drug use has become a growing problem in the world. Young people especially form an important risk group. This study investigates the prevalence of alcohol, cigarette and other psychoactive drug (OPD) use and the change of ratios compared to previous years among high school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Methods: All grade two high school students were taken into the study and a survey was applied to 2267 students attending to 33 high schools of TRNC in December 2004. The survey form consisted of questions about sociodemographic variables, cigarette, alcohol and OPD use. The questions about cigarette, alcohol and other OPD were taken from the questions of European Council, ‘The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs’ (ESPAD). Results: In our study the lifetime prevalence of cigarette use among grade two high school students is 35.2%, alcohol 85.9% and the prevalence of OPD is 8.0%. The lifetime prevalence of inhalant use is 3.3%, sedative, hypnotic drug use 2.4%, marijuana use 2.2%, ecstasy use 1.8%, cocaine 0.7% and heroin 0.6%. The first tried OPD among the students are marihuana and ecstasy. OPS use is more common among males. The students who do not have good relation with their families, who smoke everyday and have become drunk, are found to use OPS more. Conclusion: The results of the study show that the ratio of psychoactive drug use among TRNC high school students is much lower than European countries, but the prevalence of most of the drugs have tendency to increase compared to previous years. The data of the study suggests that emphasis should be given to high school youth at prevention studies conducted in TRNC.
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