A Comparative Study of Plasma Trace Elements (Copper, Iron and Zinc) Status in Anaemic and Non-anaemic Pregnant Women in Abakaliki, Nigeria

Ugwuja, EI; Ejikeme, BN; Ugwu, NC and Obidoa, O (2011) A Comparative Study of Plasma Trace Elements (Copper, Iron and Zinc) Status in Anaemic and Non-anaemic Pregnant Women in Abakaliki, Nigeria. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 10 (2). ISSN 0972-5997

Full text available as:

PDF - Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader or other PDF viewer.
138 Kb

Abstract

For a comparative study of plasma copper, iron and zinc between anaemic and non-anaemic pregnant women, data for anaemic (n = 223) and non-anaemic (n = 126) pregnant women drawn from a cohort of 351 pregnant Nigerians recruited at gestational age of ≤ 25 weeks for the study of impacts of trace element status on pregnancy outcomes were analysed. With the exception of plasma copper which was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in anaemic women in comparison to the non-anaemic women (10.11 ± 10.15 vs. 8.68 ± 7.92 µmol/l), plasma iron and zinc were lower (p > 0.05) in the former. While plasma copper, iron and zinc concentration were not correlated with maternal haemoglobin concentration, plasma zinc significantly correlated negatively (r = -0.141, p < 0.05) with plasma copper. It is thus concluded that anaemia in pregnant women in this population may partly be due to a combination of trace element deficiencies and their interactions with each other. While interventions should go beyond improving intakes, more research is desired to clearly define these interactions.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Anaemia; Pregnancy; Copper; Iron; Zinc; Abakaliki; Nigeria
Subjects:-Journal Repositories > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Reproductive and Urinary Physiology > Reproduction > Pregnancy
Inorganic Chemicals > Elements > Trace Elements
Hemic and Lymphatic Diseases > Hematologic Diseases > Anemia
ID Code:3811
Deposited By:Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya
Deposited On:06 August 2012

Archive Staff Only: edit this record