Adolescent health determinants for pregnancy and child health outcomes among the urban poor

Mehra, Sunil and Agrawal, Deepti (2004) Adolescent health determinants for pregnancy and child health outcomes among the urban poor. India Pediatrics, 41 (2). pp. 137-145. ISSN 0019-6061

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Abstract

Adolescents among the urban and rural poor have a high incidence of chronic energy deficiency (CED) and anemia, more so in girls than in boys. Adolescent pregnancies (15-19 years) contribute to 19% of total fertility in India and record the highest maternal mortality rates. Besides maternal age, lack of education, low socio-economic status, maternal undernutrition and limited access to maternal health services are important determinants of poor pregnancy outcomes. Low birth weight is the major adverse outcome for the infant and an important determinant of increased child mortality. There is a lack of data for long term follow up of infants of adolescent mothers versus mothers 20 years and above, and more specifically, in the urban poor setting, an emerging concern.

EPrint Type:Article
Additional Information:This article is the part of a special series on urban child health in India initiated by the USAID-supported Environmental Health Project in collaboration with Indian Academy of Pediatrics(IAP). This series of articles is published in "Indian Pediatrics", a peer-reviewed journal of the IAP
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adolescent, Low birth weight, Pregnancy, Urban
Subjects:Persons > Age Groups > Child
Reproductive and Urinary Physiology > Reproduction > Pregnancy
Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases > Nutrition Disorders > Malnutrition
Persons > Age Groups > Adolescent
Environment and Public Health > Public Health
ID Code:400
Deposited By:Mr Jack Eapen
Deposited On:28 July 2005

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