Use of 20 TU RT 23 and 5 TU battery antigen for estimation of prevalence of non-specific tuberculin sensitivity
Gothi, G.D.; Chakraborty, A.K.; Jayalakshmi, M.J. and Ganapathy, K.T. (1977) Use of 20 TU RT 23 and 5 TU battery antigen for estimation of prevalence of non-specific tuberculin sensitivity. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 66 (3). pp. 389-397.
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Estimates of prevalence of non-specific tuberculin sensitivity in south Indian population are based on studies using large doses of tuberculin prepared from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In the present study on 2168 children aged 0-9 years in rural areas, distribution of induration to 20 TU RT 23 test has been compared to that of 5 TU Battey test, to see whether estimates of prevalence of non-specific tuberculin sensitivity based on the former could be compared with those based on tests with antigen derived from other mycobacteria. It was seen that distributions of reactions, mean size of indurations as well as percentage of positive reactors to test were not significantly different in the two randomly selected groups i.e. one tested with Battey antigen and the other with 20 TU RT 23. The prevalence of nonspecific sensitivity 0-4 years age group based on Battey test was 18.4 per cent and that 20 TU test 16.6 per cent. In the age group 5-9 years corresponding rates were 54.2 and 60.1 per cent. From these observations, it is suggested that if other antigens are not available, 20 TU RT 23 could be used for estimation of non-specific sensitivity.
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