Tissue tracking imaging for identifying the origin of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias: a new role of cardiac ultrasound in electrophysiology
Roy T.N, Sunil; Sankar, Vikram; Francis, Johnson and Tada, Hiroshi (2005) Tissue tracking imaging for identifying the origin of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias: a new role of cardiac ultrasound in electrophysiology. Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal, 5 (3). pp. 155-159. ISSN 0972-6292
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Several strategies for mapping ventricular outflow tract tachycardia have been reported as useful indices for differentiating between those originating from the right and the left side. Recently, tissue tracking imaging (TTI) has been demonstrated as a novel non-invasive modality for identifying the origin of outflow tract tachycardias. Tissue tracking imaging is an ultrasonographic technique that measures the myocardial motion amplitude towards the transducer in each region during systole, identifying regional myocardial displacement on the basis of myocardial velocities using color Doppler myocardial imaging principles. In this technique, the origin of the arrhythmia could be recognized as the site where the earliest color-coded signal (ECCS) appeared on the myocardium at the onset of the systole. In preliminary studies this modality was found to be useful in differentiating out flow tract ventricular tachycardias. ECCS was always found below or at the level of the pulmonary valve in all arrhythmias which could be ablated from the right ventricular outflow tract, while in those where the origin was above the pulmonary valve could be ablated from the left sinus of valsalva. These results indicate that TTI can provide detailed and accurate information on the arrhythmia origin of OT-VT and may be useful for differentiating between an OT-VT originating from the LV epicardium remote from the LSV and that from the LSV. Newer advances in echocardiographic technologies like high resolution, high frame rate real time three dimensional echocardiography with speckle tracking may further improve the precise localization of arrhythmias in the future.
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