A new method for purification of human plasma retinol-binding protein and transthyretin
Raghu, P.; Ravinder, P. and Sivakumar, B. (2003) A new method for purification of human plasma retinol-binding protein and transthyretin. Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem, 38. pp. 19-24.
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Retinol is transported in the blood bound to a specific carrier protein called retinol-binding protein (RBP), which in turn binds to another protein, transthyretin (TTR), a homotetrameric, thyroid-hormonetransporting protein. Binding of TTR increases the apparent molecular mass of RBP and thereby prevents glomerular filtration of RBP. Owing to their rapid turnover rates, plasma concentrations of these proteins are sensitive indicators and valuable diagnostic markers of vitamin A nutrition, protein energy malnutrition, infection and renal-tubule function. Previously RBP and TTR were purified by using different procedures, either from plasma or from pathological urine of humans. In general the procedure for purification of RBP and TTR is laborious, and extensive sample recycling is necessary for purification in appreciable amounts. In the present study, we have purified RBP using a simple method, which involves (NH4)2SO4 fractionation followed by sequential gel filtration under native conditions and 6 M urea. TTR, which was eluted in 60 kDa fractions during urea/Sephadex G-100 chromatography, was further purified to homogeneity using a combination of two dye-affinity chromatographic steps on Reactive Yellow and Cibacron Blue coupled to agarose columns. SDS/PAGE and immunoblotting, apart from typical UV absorption and fluorescent properties of RBP, were used for characterizing the purified RBP and TTR. Furthermore, the purified RBP and TTR were found to be functional from mutual binding monitored by fluorescence quenching.
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