Prevalance of undernutrition among peri-urban children and its influence on the estimation of annual risk of tuberculosis infection

Chadha, V.K.; Suryanarayana, H.V.; Krishnamurthy, M.K.; Jaganath, P.S. and Sashidhara, A.N. (1997) Prevalance of undernutrition among peri-urban children and its influence on the estimation of annual risk of tuberculosis infection. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 44. pp. 67-71.

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Abstract

Tuberculin reactions of 4575 children aged 1 to 9 years without BCG sear, residing in 60 randomly selected villages around Bangalore city were examined in relation to their nutritional status. Classifying the children for nutritional status with reference to ICMR data for healthy south Indian children by Quitlet's Index (Method A) and weight for age (Method B), about 30% were found to be undernourished. Severely undernourished children constituted 2.6% of the total study population. Based on the frequency distribution of tuberculin reactions, 5% of the overall tested children were found to be reactors at 20 min, demarcation level. The proportion of reactors was significantly higher among 'normals' (5.6% by Method A and 5.5% by Methods B) than among 'undernourished' (3.8%) by Method A and 4.1% by Method B). The value of ART, estimated from the proportion of reactors among overall study group, was lower by 12% when compared to ART estimated from the proportion of reactors among ‘normals', classified by Method A. It was 10% lower by Methods B.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Undernutrition, Nutritional Status, Tuberculin Reactions, Child, Peri-Urban Areas, Quitlet's Index, Weight for Age, Demarcation, Reactors, Annual Risk, Tuberculosis
Subjects:Bacterial Infections and Mycoses > Bacterial Infections > Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections > Actinomycetales Infections > Mycobacterium Infections > Tuberculosis
Persons > Age Groups > Child
-Institutional Repositories > National Tuberculosis Institute
Persons > Population Groups
Respiratory Tract Diseases > Respiratory Tract Infections > Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
Persons > Age Groups > Infant
Diagnosis > Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures > Skin Tests > Tuberculin Test
Respiratory Tract Diseases > Lung Diseases > Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
-Journal Repositories > Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Biochemical Phenomena, Metabolism, and Nutrition > Nutrition
Health Occupations > Nutrition
Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases > Nutrition Disorders > Malnutrition
ID Code:666
Deposited By:Librarian Sudha S Murthy
Deposited On:10 August 2005

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