Modified sputum microscopy techniques sparing the use of alcohol for field application

Chandrasekaran, Sujatha; Sreenivas, T.R. and Chaudhuri, K. (1991) Modified sputum microscopy techniques sparing the use of alcohol for field application. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 38 (2). pp. 87-90.

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Under the National Tuberculosis Programme, Ziehl-Neelsen method (ZN method) is the recommended procedure for AFB staining. However, at the Peripheral Health Institutions (PHI), the applicability of this procedure appears to be adversely affected due to nonavailability of alcohol for heat fixing, heating and decolourisation steps. Hence, it has become necessary to look for procedures where the use of alcohol could be avoided completely. In this study, three different methods of cold staining, wherein the use of alcohol is avoided, have been tried in 489 sputum specimens. One set of smears was fixed with acetone (CSB method), the second set with candle flame (CSD) and the third set was not fixed (CSC). All were stained by a modified cold staining procedure. The (a) sensitivity (b) specificity (c) degree of agreement with culture and the standard ZN method and also (d) applicability of these methods were studied. ZN method was significantly superior to other methods. As far as the agreement with culture is concerned, ZN method was found to be superior to CSB method by 29.26%, to CSC method by 24.3% and to CSD method by 31.7%. The sensitivity and specificity of various methods were: ZN - 76.1%, 98.4%; CSB - 72%, 96.6%; CSC- 72.6%, 96.9% and CSD - 72.67%, 95.99% respectively.

EPrint Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ziehl-Neelsen method, National Tuberculosis Programme, Modified Microscopy, Sputum, Peripheral Health Institutions (PHI)
Subjects:Fluids and Secretions > Bodily Secretions > Sputum
-Institutional Repositories > National Tuberculosis Institute
Investigative Techniques > Microscopy
Health Care Economics and Organizations > Health Planning > National Health Programs
Investigative Techniques > Clinical Laboratory Techniques > Culture Techniques
Organic Chemicals > Alcohols
-Journal Repositories > Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Diagnosis > Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
ID Code:711
Deposited By:Librarian Sudha S Murthy
Deposited On:16 August 2005

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